Terminalia ferdinandiana

Medium spreading semi-deciduous fruiting tree with pale green drupes, high in VitaminC, racemes of cream flowers. Leaves are large and oval in shape.

Terminalia ferdinandiana x petiolaris Terminalia ferdinandiana1

Terminalia ferdinandiana Terminalia ferdinandiana2

Gubinge fruit

Gubinge fruit

This species grows right to the high water mark, and then some.

Terminalia ferdinandiana Gubinge tree and root system Gubinge tree and root system.jpg2

This species has a good future in Environmental Horticulture. Also known as Kakadu Plum, preliminary steps are in progress into it’s commercial future, Indigenous Communities and Corporations will be undertaking the expansion, with the help of the science and expertise on offer.

All parts of this species have been used in indigenous medicine and cosmetics. Other products that contain the fruit already in production include yogurt, chocolate and teas.

Clifftops, by the sea:

Terminalia ferdinandiana, dwarfed, on a clifftop

Terminalia ferdinandiana, dwarfed, on a clifftop

2 11 Terminalia ferdinandiana, flowers.jpg4 Terminalia ferdinandiana

Florabase description and range.

Phytochemical Divergence in Kakadu Plum, abstract:

a r t i c l e i n f o
Article history:
Received 18 March 2013
Received in revised form 7 November 2013
Accepted 11 November 2013
Available online 19 November 2013
Terminalia ferdinandiana
Kakadu plum
Phenolic compounds
Vitamin C
Antioxidant capacity
Principal component analysis
a b s t r a c t
This study investigated the variations in the levels of phenolic compounds, vitamin C, sugars and
antioxidant capacities of 45 newly collected accessions of Terminalia ferdinandiana (Kakadu plum), a
native Australian fruit utilised in dietary supplement industry. Pattern recognition tools, principal
component analysis (PCA) and agglomerative hierarchical clustering (AHC) were applied to understand
interrelationships between the antioxidant capacities [Ferric reducing antioxidant power (FRAP) and
Oxygen radical absorbance capacity (ORAC)] and antioxidant groups: phenolic compounds and vitamin
C. On the basis of these parameters AHC classified samples into three main groups, with accessions 2,
8, 15, 6, 3 and 5 from the Northern Territory, Australia, representing superior quality fruits combining
high levels of total phenolics (505.2 to 376.1 mg GA E/g DW), vitamin C (322.2 to 173.5 mg/g DW), with
pronounced antioxidant capacities (FRAP: 5030.5 to 4244.9 lmol Fe2+/g DW; ORAC: 3861.5 to
2985.6 lmol Trolox E/g DW). Hydrolysable tannins and ellagic acid were identified as the major phenolic
compounds. The levels of ellagic acid varied from 140.2 to 30.5 mg/g DW, which places Kakadu plum as a
unique edible source of this compound. The levels of sugars varied from 619.0 to 130.0 mg Glu E/g DW.
This study for the first time revealed a unique phytochemical profile and significant variability in phytochemical
composition of Kakadu plum. These features create opportunities for selection of sources with
different characteristics addressing the needs of the nutraceutical industry, food processors and the consumers
of fresh fruit.
Crown Copyright 2013 Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Further inland, the species shows some differing growth habits, click to enlarge images:

Terminalia ferdinandiana Terminalia ferdinandiana2

Terminalia ferdinandiana


About Tom Harley

Amateur ecologist and horticulturalist and CEO of Kimberley Environmental Horticulture Inc. (Tom Harley)
This entry was posted in Terminalia and tagged . Bookmark the permalink.

4 Responses to Terminalia ferdinandiana

  1. Pingback: the best new discovery to aid indigenous communities … | pindanpost

  2. Dave Trimble says:

    I’m wondering if this will grow in Sacramento, CA, USA. We are zone 9b, used to be 7 I think. If you think it might be viable can you turn me on to a source of seeds or seedlings?


    Dave Trimble


    • Tom Harley says:

      It will probably grow there, but pollinators may be absent. The indigenous traditional owners are reluctant for seed to leave the area in case the multi-nationals destroy their ownership and future income through massive horticulture projects, which has happened to a number of other discoveries.


  3. Pingback: unique indigenous food orchards on the way … | pindanpost

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